Thứ Tư, 12 tháng 3, 2014




Chapter I 

Foundations of thoughts

          The history of human society is the history of mankind’s struggle in search of freedom. This history consists of the period of mankind’s original freedom , the period when mankind lost freedom, and in the end, the period when mankind finds its freedom in all consciousness (complete and all-encompassing consciousness).
          Self-conservation is a fundamental need of humans. It is this basic need of human’s life that has brought mankind from the state of original freedom to losing freedom. This is a very long period in history that started with conflicts and led to the destruction of some tribes. The need for self-preservation in tribal form appeared. The formation of communities to preserve race forced humans to follow rules and administration and leadership were the first steps towards losing mankind’s freedom. As history developed, the appearance of captives, the process of releasing captives and their re-assimilation into society has weakened the need to preserve race in tribal form. Taking its place was the concern for preserving people as part of an area, a geographical region – this is the formation of territories and territorial lordship…after that came kingdoms, national governments. If the need for self-preservation from man’s earliest beginnings has led to his lost of freedom then the need for self-preservation from mankind’s perspective  - on a global level – is the last step to allow man to achieve absolute freedom in consciousness. 
          There are two views that serve as bases to the way human life is organized. One view is that society, or the state, is a being that exists over individual citizens. The state can apply its force over the citizens in the name of the people. The second view is that there is no such thing as society. There are only individuals who together decide the rules and obligations that bring mutual gain, and get together to do things that exceed the capacity of an individual or a family. The reasonings in this book are based on the principles of freedomism. According to its principles, an individual is a unique being who is completely independent, has decisive power and must have the highest priority over the community, group, society and state. The individual absolutely has the reasoning power and ability to be master of himself and to decide on his actions, therefore an individual is totally free in all actions, as long as this individual’s action does not harm any other individual.
          The reason why these two concurrent views exist is because it reflects the factual activities of two democratic structures that are relatively different today. On one side is the US democratic structure, which is completely built on the principles of freedomism, and was formed and built in special circumstances. On the other side are all of the other democratic states that currently exist. The struggle between the two views mentioned above is all the more arduous because the US democratic structure has predominant superiority but it has not (yet) been applied to any other country. At the same time the vulnerability of the democratic structures outside of the US and western Europe has bolstered the survival of the view that puts society over individuals.
          Why is it that the US democracy, which is built on freedomism, and which in reality has proven its predominant superiority, has not been applied in any other country? Why is it that the democracies outside of the US and western Europe are so vulnerable and have encountered so many problems to rise above the threshold of electoral democracy to achieve democratic freedom? What role does the current globalization background play in mankind’s journey to find freedom, and how does it affect that journey?

           First of all we need to differentiate the democratic formats in the US and western Europe. The most important difference is that the formation of the US democracy happened hand-in-hand with the formation of the nation, between people who are equals and who are not duty-bound to anything or constrained by the past. Because of that, the nation (government) was built based on the wish to guarantee and protect the rights of all participants. The democracies in western European countries were created based on the need to liberate people from the oppression of prior despotic regimes. Liberating people in that way (the freedom that people achieved) happened in steps, depending on the specific background and the relations between the liberals and conservatist forces within each revolution. On the other hand, the European nations had been formed before people had freedom. The national element is very important because it is the foundation of the nation-state; it reflects the need for racial self-preservation on a nation-state level.
          The democratic countries outside of the US and Western Europe also formed their democracies in a process similar to the western European countries, which is the process of liberating people based on existing nations. However because they were pioneers in liberating people the western European democracies had to search for and build their own democratic structures. For other countries, whether their democracy was founded from complete social revolutions or from large upheavals in individual areas, also had (and applied) the experiences, constructs and organizations from prior democracies. The absence of conditions in which to build democracy like in the US, which was a democracy that took form at the same time as the nation was formed on the basis of equal people without any strings to the past, is an important reason why the superior democratic format of the US cannot be applied to any other country. More importantly, the principles used to build the democracies that were taken from the democracies of the US and western Europe have not reflected the main elements of a true democratic construct. That is the reason why current democracies outside of the US and western Europe are so fragile.
           The current environment of globalization has opened a vast opportunity for the formation and building of democracies. Not only that, globalization has uncovered the potential for connecting democracies, for driving forward and extending the range of democracy on a global level, for leading mankind into the kingdom of freedom.

Chapter II

Concept, Premise and Conditions
 of democracy

          Democracy is a social organization that offers the highest guarantee of freedom to people.
          The freedom of man is a notion. It consists of human rights and the right for each person to  defend his/her own human rights.
Because of that:
          Democracy is a social construct that provides the highest guarantee for human rights and the  right of each individual to defend his/her human rights.
          We all know the concepts of political philosophy are relative.  On the other hand, democracy is a large problem, intricate and related to many aspects of life. Because of that there have been many definitions of democracy. So where did the above definition come from and why is it so?
          When studying the formation and development of the US democratic construct, a construct that’s superior and stable and was created in conditions that were optimal, a question comes up: what has made the US democratic construct to survive  and improve itself through so many trials? There are two most important things that have kept the American democratic ship from straying away from its path and always moving forward; those two things are the equality between the people who took part in building that democratic construct (which later became the principle of equality before the law that applies to all citizens) and each person’s consciousness about defending his/her human rights (which later transformed into the ability for each member of society to protect his/her human rights).
          Therefore there are two fundamental reasons that guarantee the stability and self-improvement of the US democratic structure. The second reason has been broadened into a definition of democracy. The first reason, the equality between all people in society, is the major premise of democracy. But in the US, the original equality was natural, and it developed into the equality of all citizens before the law. But for other countries that have not been as lucky, how can equality be achieved?
           The premise of democracy is the acceptance and recognition of the difference and uniqueness of each individual human, of each group of humans, of each community representing a race, religion, area or region.
          Therefore, to achieve equality each individual and society itself has to accept and recognize the differences and uniqueness of people on two levels: on an individual level – which are differences in race, looks, character…; and on a group level – which are  differences between races, religions, areas and regions.
          We must emphasize that for long periods of time in history, there have been large differences between individuals and groups of people.  Therefore to talk about the premise of democracy also means to talk about the process of building this premise. An important question is raised: how to achieve recognition and acceptance between individuals, races, religions, areas that have experienced conflicts, fights and hatred in the past, even in the present? We have to build a philosophy, a behavioral culture that is not new but has not become popular: a spirit of reconciliation and racial unity.
          Therefore to build the premise for democracy in most countries is to build a spirit of reconciliation and racial unity.
          In order to successfully build a democracy certain social conditions are needed. There are requisite conditions (these are required and have to be present immediately) and there are conditions that need to be built over time.
          Principal condition: No war or civil war. Because war is an abnormal state of a person and of an entire society. It is not possible to build a democratic society when the individual and society are in an abnormal state.
           Necessary conditions:
·        There is no racial separation or discrimination  
·        There is no ethnic separation or conflict
·        There is no religious separation or conflict
Here the words “separation” and “conflict” need to be understood in their combined meaning, because there can be separation and  help given to a few ethnic minorities, or there can be a religion that is singled out as a national religion only in the sense that a majority of people follow that religion.
          The differences and uniqueness of each individual and group is also an important trait of a democracy.  Each person, with his own capacity for thought, preferences and different living conditions will pursue different jobs, different occupations, and will achieve various results in society. Similarly, a group that represents a race, a religion, or a region has special traits. The plurality in the image of each individual and group shows the ripeness of the premise and conditions of the democracy, as well as of the democracy itself.

Chapter III 

Concepts of democracy

          There are many components and problems in a method of social organization. However any kind of social organization needs to solve three main problems for society: 1 – The problem of state 2- The problem of law 3- The problem of people.
          The essence of a method of social organization will be used as the basis to solve the three above problems. This also means that the way that the three problems above are solved will show the essence of a social organization. The method of democratic social organization will solve the three problems with the following contents:
1.     The problem of State
Currently there are two ways of understanding the problem of state. Broadly speaking, the “state” means a government with three branches: Executive, Legislative and Judicial; it is also the representative of the country. More narrowly speaking, “state” is equivalent with the administration performing the executive function. In many cases and in paperwork, government means the administration. In both the broad and narrow meaning the essence of a democratic government does not change: it is a structure that is built to guarantee and protect human rights in a certain geographic area.
            Based on the essence of a democratic government, there are two main ideas that need to be studied, explained and put into action.
a.     Government is a structure that is built to guarantee human rights:
It is true that human rights, the main ingredient in a democracy, even though recognized and acknowledged by everyone in society, do not suddenly exist. They have to be organized on a social level, in an extremely scientificand labor-intensive manner. Difficulties and restrictions in guaranteeing human rights in the democracies outside of the US and western Europe exist because there are many shortcomings in the organization and building of the government. However once it has been established that government is built to guarantee human rights, we have defined part of a government’s function, based on which government can be organized more reasonably and efficiently.
b.     Government is a construct that is built to protect human rights.
In life, human rights are often violated because of the use of force. In a civilized society the use of force needs to be eliminated. A human’s right to live leads to the right for self-defense, to use force against others who have used force first. But the use of force for retaliation cannot depend on the whim of each individual. It requires objective laws that define offenses and perpetrators based on proof. When force is forbidden in social interaction, humans need a structure that is responsible for protecting their rights, under the regulations of a body of objective laws.
   On the other hand, in a free society, a person does not have to have interaction with other people. They only interact with others of their own volition, under contract if the interaction happens in a set time. If a contract is broken because of the one party’s summary decision the other side will be financially hurt and will suffer a disaster…Here there also is a need for a structure to act as a referee to resolve conflicts between people based on objective laws.
 On the other hand the process to build the foundations of a government is a complicated process without exact norms; it is a process of research and experimentation. Human right violations exist within the process of building and running government. Because of that, the governmental structure needs to include a built-in construct to allow individuals to defend their human rights.
     So, a government is built to guarantee human rights, to protect people from crimes and from foreign forces, to act like a referee to resolve conflicts between people based on objective laws and also to allow individuals to defend their human rights.

2.     The problem of law
In the most common meaning, laws are regulations to control people’s actions in society. Any society needs and has laws. The difference in laws between the various forms of societal organization is in the source, function, application and defense of law. In a democratic society, an especially easy thing to see is that law exists everywhere, in all areas, professions, levels of life and activities of all wakes of society. In a mechanical sense, the variety, richness and number of laws reflects the level of a civilzed society. The number of laws is the number of relative rights that are put into regulations. We study the relationship between law and human rights, and on a higher level, in relation to freedom in a democratic society.
      To come into life human rights need laws; human rights themselves exist because of laws, and the defense of human rights relies on laws as a means. Similarly, the ability of each person to defend his/her human rights (not counting   yearning, which is a driving power of humans) is guaranteed by law and is closely related to law. Therefore we can conclude: Law is the midwife, the personification and soul of freedom and is also the means to defend freedom. The way we build law and treat law is also the way we build freedom and treat freedom. This is the law-abiding spirit in democratic societies.
    To guarantee the true law-abiding spirit, a democratic society needs to define law as an entity that needs to be built and perfected as a system, a structure and an institution.  At the same time, the guiding principle of the law is nothing else but the guarantee and protection of human rights.
a-     The law is a special entity that is built and perfected as a principle, a structure and an institution
In the process of building a government, the building and applying of the law is also established and performed; there is a special structure of three separated branches of government to do this. However when we define law as a special subject, a separate and complete entity, there is a very large difference from the definition to the focus of attention and resources, as well as the people’s control that will lead to a positive difference in the building, applying and perfecting law.
    The separation of executive, legislative and judicial law is in reality a segmentation of function to make sure that laws are created and formed conforming to the will of the people, so that the application of law is equal for everyone, and law is protected on an equal and objective footing. This  means that the process of building and running, applying and defending law is not deformed by many functions being taken into just one institution. On the other hand, to assure that the process is running smoothly and is not clogged up from the time of formation until its application and defense, there needs to be a societal organization that is equivalent to the separation of functions in government.
After a certain time, once the system and structure of society have fulfilled their functions and duties through the period of research and experimentation, we need to establish a societal institution based on that system and structure.
b-    Functions of the law: guarantee and protect human rights
To apply the function of guaranteeing and protecting human rights, the law and system of laws need to fulfill the following duties:
-           Confirm human rights: without doubts, the highest thing required of law is the confirmation of human rights. These are the basic rights of each individual which are: the right to live, property rights, freedom of speech and religion, the right to search for happiness.  Confirm the basic rights about civil freedom:  the right to stand for office and to vote; the right to convene and build societies; the right to be treated equally before the law; the right to be fairly and justly judged… the law also has to confirm a system of rights that follow the basic rights and economic rights, cultural, societal and life rights.
-           The law assists in the process of building the system, structure and social institution to guarantee and protect human rights. The process of building the government as well as building the system, structure and social institution have the participation of law in all aspects. The law’s objectives to guarantee and protect human rights helps these processes to be done quickly, to be applied effectively and in a more stable manner because of the synergy of goals.
-           The law helps to build the people’s awareness of human rights, of freedom, democracy and the need for protecting human rights. To be aware of human rights, of freedom, and democracy, and from that to build a defense mechanism for human rights is very important. This awareness cannot be self-aquired by the citizens but has to be guided, trained and defined by law from the functional organizations of the government. Therefore building people’s awareneness about human rights, freedom and democracy is an important component in the law’s function of guaranteeing and defending human rights.

3.     The problem of people
All societal constructs need to solve the problem of people. In simple terms: who, which group of people influences the building process and activates the law system? And whose rights, which group’s interests does that government and law system bring about and protect? The democratic way of building society has confirmed in its premise and in the democratic constitutions that the people are the main actors in the process of building and activating the government and law. At the same time the activities of the government and law guarantee and protect the rights of the people. In other words, power belongs to the people. The problem posed here is how to allow the people to truly take part in the building of societal constructs and how to make those social constructs guarantee and protect   human rights and the right of each person to defend his/her own human rights? There are two things that need to be accomplished by the democratic society organization. That is building the awareness of human rights, of freedom and democracy for the people and building the structure to allow each person to protect his/her own human rights.

a-    Awareness of human rights, of freedom and democracy
Human rights are a very new concept in the history of mankind. There are two theories on the source of human rights. Some people affirm that the rights are bestowed by god, others affirm that they are given by society. In reality the source of rights is the foundation of man[1]. Man is a subject belonging to a special species – a cognitive subject – man cannot be active effectively under stress, to have rights is a must- have condition for man’s special existence. So having rights is a moral principle that confirms and acknowledges the freedom for each person to act within a certain society. There is only one main right – all other rights are the result or consequence of this main right – the right of humans in relation to individual life. Life is an active process of self-preservation and self-generation, which means: to freely accomplish all actions that nature asks of a sentient being in order to support, move, complete and enjoy its own private life. Such is the meaning of the right for living, for freedom and for searching for happiness.
In real life, human rights are defined in as: individual freedom rights and political –civil rights (citizens’ rights).
-         Individual freedom rights include the following:
§  The right to live: this is the right of all rights.
§  Ownership right, which is the only way to realize all the other rights. Without ownership right, there is no way to practice the other rights. Because each person has to maintain his own life, if a person does not have ownership rights to  products that he creates cannot make a living. If a person produces goods that others take away from him, then he is a slave.
§  Freedom of speech: this is the freedom to express and present your ideas without being meddled with, muzzled, or punished.
§  Religious freedom: the right to follow or not follow a religion. This right represents religious tolerance, for which humans have struggled for thousands of years.
§  The right to search for happiness: this is the right to perform all actions that each individual deems necessary to attain happiness.
-         Civil and political freedom rights (citizen’s rights) include the following:
§  Freedom to vote and to run for office.
§  Journalistic freedom.
§  Freedom of assembly and freedom to establish societies.
§  The right to be protected equally by the law.
§  The right to sue and to be judged fairly.
     There are other rights to represent and apply basic human rights. For example: freedom of residence and movement, the right to inherit, the right to have your human rights protected ,etc…
      The citizens’awareness of freedom and democracy needs to stress on their participation in building the governmental and law structures. Also needed is knowledge of the system of procedures and formalities, addresses people can submit complaints and denouncements to, or start litigation to defend their rights. Knowledge about freedom and democracy needs to be presented in a simple, understandable manner and relate closely to the citizens’ lives.

          b - Build a system to guarantee a person’s ability to defend his/her individual rights: the Court of human rights.
This is the most important element in the concepts of democracy, of the structure and organization of democracy. This is the nucleus, the most important mechanism in the self-perfecting structure of any democracy. If this mechanism  can be built,  if this concept can be brought to life, the democracy will overcome all difficulties and trials and move towards a state of completeness. There are 2 reasons to this:
           First of all, human rights are subject to violations anywhere, at any time, in any situation. Human rights are violated because:
-      The building of government and law in order to guarantee and preserve human rights is a complex process that needs to be experienced and learned. This process in itself includes human right violations.
-      The natural inclination towards hoarding power and means in each individual taking part in building democratic mechanisms will lead to violations of human rights daily and hourly, both against individuals and groups of people.
-      Violations happen because crime.
Therefore protecting human rights has to be given top priority and there needs to be a foundation to deliver that protection.
      Secondly, no one can protect one’s human rights better than oneself. At the same time, the Court of Rights is a solemn and most effective way to protect human rights, especially to protect poor and normal people.

Chapter IV 

Realizing democracy

          From the viewpoint of democracy, many people think the countries in the world are in three stages. Countries that have democracy in a relatively perfect state, also called liberal democracies, are the US and the Western European countries. Countries that also have democratic forms of government, but scrutinizes of their human rights recordsshow that they only offer voting rights. Finally are countries that do not have democracy, which include dictatorships, oligarchies or autocracies.
          From the viewpoint of realizing democracy, following the contents presented in this book, there is not much to apply to countries that are liberal democratic. However the Human Rights court still needs to be part of improving democratic societies. Furthermore, the current  governments of the US and Western Europe  are still too cumbersome when compared to their true role as well as to the trend of harmonization and globalization based on a common understanding of global responsibility from all the countries in the world.
Because of that the realization of democracy is a problem posed to countries that have democratic foundations but in which citizens do not have true freedom and in the future, to the autocratic countries that will change into democracies. As mentioned in the beginning of this book, the situation of countries that already have democratic foundations, but in which citizens do not have true freedom, is caused by the lack of fundamental elements of a true democratic construct. On the other hand the way democracy was built, the order taken to build democratic entities is also an important reason that makes those countries difficult to cross the threshold of electoral democracy to become a liberal democracy.
          Countries usually start the process of building a democratic structure after a peaceful or violent revolution, by preparing a democratic constitution (by hiring well-known lawmakers in the world); by building national political parties; by building the process to vote for congress and government (presidential or semi-presidential governments); by campaigning and organizing general elections. People think that success in building a democratic regime consists of keeping the above processes flowing uninterrupted, with nothing to disrupt or change them. A more dangerous thing is to assume that the newly established institutions could be applied throughout the entire democratic process. For example, there is a theory that the constitution reflects the balance of power between political parties at the time the constitution is built?!? By observing this entire process we can see that the activities to build a democracy only happen on a national level, with a small number of people participating. As to the people, it seems that they only have one thing to do which is to vote while recognizing that perhaps the country has just changed regime!
          This is a backwards process, or as a Vietnamese saying goes, it is “building a house from the roof down”. The most important thing in the way of building a democratic regime is that it has to happen from the lowest democratic level – which is the smallest geographical and administrative unit where a democratic structure can be built – with everyone taking part in it at the same time. The entire concept of democracy has to happen on a fundamental level and be closely related with the people’s lives. Only on this level can the common people work together to build government and the system of law, as well as the foundations for the Human Rights court so they can protect their rights. The only objective of all activities to build a democratic regime that are on a higher level than the fundamental one is to open the way, to support and to provide the necessary conditions to meet the needs for building and operating the democratic process on the fundamental level. The measure of human rights and of the level of democracy of a country is not in the democratic political activities on a national level but in human rights, in the level of participation from people, in their ability to protect their rights on a local level.
          In this spirit, a government only needs to be a light government that fulfills minimal functions to maintain national activities. The main functions of a government is to be a representative of the nation, to maintain national unity; to build and maintain armed forces (police and army); to maintain a judicial system to settle disputes between people. Another important function is to push, support and provide conditions for the building process and for activities of the democratic system on a local level.
          So then in countries that already have an electoral democracy, how should democracy be put into action?
-         First of all people need to be equipped  with information on human rights and   freedom, about formats of society organization that guarantee freedom (human rights) to everyone, starting with the elite, who have a will to realize democracy. Note that  equipping every citizen with this information is a must. Therefore we need to build knowledge about freedom and democracy in a simple, easy to understand way that is closely related to people’s lives.
-         Build a democratic society that includes government, a law system and a system to protect human rights (a Human Rights court) in the local democratic environment. To make this happen, first of all we need to erase indifference towards the existing political structure; switch the center of society building from a national level to a local level; make the whole building process and activities for all levels above local level within influence of the local level.
      In other words, the existence and activities of all structures outside of the local level only serve the building and activities of the local democratic construct.
-         In the current atmostphere of joining together and globalization, the  building of a democratic regime needs to be put into the context of global democratization. This means that the human rights that are referred to in the Declaration of Human Rights have to be guaranteed; at the same time there is a need to consult the democratic regimes in various countries to build    a freedom continuum in the whole world.

              The logic presented in this book is really not difficult to comprehend: Democracy is a social structure that guarantees at the highest level human rights and the ability for each person to defend his/her own human rights. To guarantee human rights people have to be directly involved in building this social structure, therefore the contents of building the social structure first and foremost needs to take place on a local level – which is the smallest unit of democracy – and is tightly related to people’s lives.  On the other hand, the ability of each person to defend his/her human rights depends on the people’
s understanding about human rights, freedom and democracy. At the same time there needs to be a structure to protect human rights, which is the Human Rights court. Therefore, democracy is the process of building social regime and people’s awareness  to guarantee and protect each person’s human rights.

Chapter V

Democratizing the globe

          Humans are currently living in a most significant era of history. This is the period where humans start to officially recognize the means and ends to reach the freedom they have been searching for for the past ten thousands years.  Freedom of people who are living on this earth, in its truest sense, has to be complete freedom. This means that a person in the US, in Somalia, in North Korea, in France or Venezuela has to enjoy the same freedom. Democracy has to be built on the same premise on all continents, over all ocean shores and in all countries. In short, this is the process of democratizing the globe.
          The most important clue that proves we’re in the process of global democratization lie in the natural forces of history that are currently stimulating man’s desire for self-preservation as a species, on a global level. Simply speaking, man is facing the threat of self-destruction or annihilation in a near future.
-         The threat of self-destruction: there are 2 looming threats, which are an atomic wars on a global level and a global environmental catastrophy.
-         The threat of annihilation: theories and signs about the end of the world and the possibility of attack from extraterrestial aliens or from another civilization.
The voluntary cooperation of people on a global level, led by instinct and human subconsciousness (the need for self-preservation of humans), will be combined with understanding and recognition that comes from real life, which is:
-         Recognition about the increasing dependency between countries, which stems from economic globalization, and spreads to culture, society and politics.
-         Recognition of the common harm, the meaninglessness of conflicts and wars between countries.
                        On which fundamental premises will the ongoing process of globalizing democracy be established and pushed forward? There are 3 basic premises to globalizing democracy:
               The first premise is a global economic and technological interaction. This process is happening very strongly with the main stream being globalization of economy with the guidance and support of the Internet: an inter-relation of science and technology. In this aspect, the world has been and is continuing to become “flatter”.
               The second premise is language connection. There is no need to dwell on the meaning of globalizing language, as it is well known that in order to cohabit and cooperate effectively then there needs to be a language connection. The problem here is how this connection occurs. Today there are translation utilities for many languages, as well as the trend of using English as a global language in many countries. But both of these approaches do not really answer the need for a global language connection.  The human race needs to establish a common language that is easy to learn, to read, write and understand. A suggestion is to search between the current global languages to see if there is a language that meets those criteria, to see if can be modified and perfected by world linguists to be used as a common language in the world. It is easy to imagine that a language that is easy to learn, read and write and can be used by all countries on top of their maternal language in international relations will be useful for the interaction and cooperation of people.
               The third premise is a freedom connection. This is the goal as well as the most important content of global democratization. There are 2 processes that exist at the same time and strongly support each other. It is democratizing countries and building a global democratic structure. The function of democratizing countries is to build freedom, and democratizing on a global level creates the freedom connection. These 2 processes need to work together to perform very important goals:
-         To build and distribute knowledge about human rights, freedom and democracy. This is a required condition on both the national and global levels. In order to bring this  concept to life the world needs to build an Institute of Global Democracy, each country needs to have a Democracy Institute, each university will have a Democracy Institute and build Democracy into a subject for study, each country needs to introduce Democracy into middle and high school curricula on a national level. Standardization of knowledge about democracy needs to be performed by world-class specialists in a format that’s understandable, dynamic and easy to disseminate. The most basic knowledge about human rights, freedom and democracy must reach everyone on the globe as the multiplication tables in mathematics do!
-         Integration of the norms and regulations of the national and international human rights tribunals. This is fairly easy to understand: human rights have the same value globally, the premises of democracy are the same in all countries, so the protection of human rights at all levels must be integrated in judicial norms and regulations.
-         In order to facilitate the progress of the global democratization process there needs to be a strong global revolution. At the same time there needs to be a force to lead and carry out this great process – that would be multi-national or international parties.

Hanoi, January 31, 2011

Nguyễn Vũ Bình

 1 - John Stuart Mill: On Liberty - Vietnamese version, Tri Thuc Publishing House, 2005
2 - Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract – Vietnamese version by Ho Chi Minh City Publishing House, 1992
3 - N.M. Voskresenskaia và N.B. Davletshina: The Democratic Regime – Government and Society, Vietnamese version, Tri Thuc Publishing House, 2008
4 - John Stuart Mill: Representative government - Vietnamese version, Tri Thuc Publishing House, 2007
5 - Montesquieu: The Spirit of Laws – Vietnamese version, Education Publishing House, Hanoi, 1996 
6 - Alexis de Tocqueville: Democracy in America – Vietnamese version, Tri Thuc Publishing House, 2006
7 - Ayn Rand: The Nature of Government - Ebook

The author reserves all copyrights to this book
Contact information:
Nguyễn Vũ Bình, số nhà 26, ngách 349/30
Phố Minh Khai, phường Vĩnh Tuy, quận Hai Bà Trưng, Hà Nội
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[1] According to Ayn Rand

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